Imperfect Active Indicative

MONDAY

The imperfect tense  is usually used to denote linear or continuous action in the past. It is built with:

• a stem,
• prefixed with an ε augment vowel,
• suffixed with an ο/ε theme vowel,
• followed by an ending.

Singular

Plural

1st Person

λυον I was loosing λύομεν we were loosing

2nd Person

λυες you were loosing λύετε you were loosing

3rd Person

λυε he/she was loosing λυον they were loosing

Note: the 1st Person Singular and 3rd Person Plural forms are identical.

The imperfect only occurs in the active voice.

When a verb begins with a vowel, instead of augmenting the verb with an ε prefix, the first vowel of the word lengthens. Thus ἀκούω becomes ἤκουον, ἐγείρω becomes ἤγειρον, and ἀγαπάω becomes ἠγαπων.

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Present Active Indicative

MONDAYThe verbs of Koine  Greek (New Testament Greek) express the following grammatical features:

• tense (e.g., past, present, future),
• voice (e.g., active, passive),
• mood (e.g., indicative, imperative),
• person (e.g., 1st person [“I/we”], 2nd person [“you”]), and
• number (singular or plural),

When one lists these features one is said to be “parsing” the verb. For example, when parsing the verb λύω, one would say, “present, active, indicative, 1st person, singular.” Continue reading

Greek Alphabet PowerPoint Flash Cards

Greek Alphabet Flash Cards 200x150MONDAYI am a firm believer in the usefulness of flash cards for learning a new language—and not only for help in memorizing vocabulary but for points of grammar and other related topics, including the language’s alphabet, if it differs from ours.

I personally did not have much trouble memorizing the Greek and Hebrew alphabets, but I sympathize with those who do. Continue reading