Hebrew Vowels


TUESDAY

For purposes of memorization, it is highly recommended that students commit the information about each vowel (symbol, vowel name, vowel class, pronunciation, and transliteration) to handwritten flash cards.

Changeable Long Vowels

Symbol
(with letter)

Vowel
Name

Pronunciation

Transliteration

a-class

בָּ

Pathach a as in father

ā

e-class

בֵּ

Tsere e as in they

ē

o-class

בֹּ

Holem o as in role

ō

Short Vowels

Symbol
(with letter)

Vowel
Name

Pronunciation

Transliteration

a-class

בַּ

Pathach a as in bat

a

e-class

בֶּ

Seghol e as in better

e

i-class

בִּ

Hireq i as in bitter

i

o-class

בָּ

Qamets Hatuf o as in bottle

o

u-class

בֻּ

Qibbuts u as in ruler

u

Reduced Vowels

Symbol
(with letter)

Vowel
Name

Pronunciation

Transliteration

a-class

בֲּ

Hateph Pathach a as in amuse

ă

e-class

בֱּ

Hatef Seghol e as in metallic

ĕ

o-class

בֳּ

Hatef Qamets o as in commit

ŏ

He Vowels

Symbol
(with letter)

Vowel
Name

Pronunciation

Transliteration

a-class

בָּה

Qamets He a as in father

â

e-class

בֵּה

Tsere He e as in they

ê

 

בֶּה

Seghol He e as in better

ê

o-class

בֹּה

Holem o as in role

ô

Unchangeable Long Waw Vowels

Symbol
(with letter)

Vowel
Name

Pronunciation

Transliteration

o-class

בּוֹ

Holem Waw o as in role

ô

u-class

בּוּ

Shureq u as in ruler

û

Unchangeable Long Yod Vowels

Symbol
(with letter)

Vowel
Name

Pronunciation

Transliteration

e-class

בֵּי

Tsere Yod e as in they

ê

 

בֶּי

Seghol Yod e as in better

ê

o-class

בִּי

Hireq Yod i as in machine

î

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